LOCALIZATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS: EVALUATING FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION IN THARPARKAR SINDH
SDGs are global goals aspiring for welfare of public at large. SDGs Localization is a process of realization of global goals into reality at local level by which local authorities and stakeholders adapt and implement targets within cities and human settlements to extend benefits at grassroots level (SDSN 2016). The localization process in Pakistan is tender footed. SDGs Service Delivery units have been established at Federal as well as Provincial Headquarters that lack direct representation of local governments to get the agenda implemented. The current research study is quantitative in nature and designed to explore the localization of Sustainable development goals and to evaluate factors affecting implementation in Tharparkar Sindh. To meet the desired objectives, research questions were outlined and subsequently twelve hypotheses were developed to answer the research questions. Data was collected from 669 respondents on Five-point Likert scale on a multi-item questionnaire adopted from different sources and was treated statistically on smart Smart-PLS and SPSS software to test the hypotheses of the model. Out of twelve hypotheses, six were constructed to ascertain relationship of legal framework, decentralization, empowerment, participation, coordination, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation (IVs) on localization of SDGs in Tharparkar Sindh, (DV) that proved significant relationship. Whereas other six hypotheses were formulated to know the moderating effect of Political will on relationship of six independent variables with Dependent variable. Political will showed up moderating effect on relationship of decentralization, public participation, and empowerment, and capacity building (IVs) with Localization of Sustainable Development Goals (DV), whereas political will showed no moderating effect upon relationship of Legal framework, horizontal and vertical coordination, and monitoring and evaluation with Localization of Sustainable Development Goals (DV). The study has paved the way not only for researchers but also policy makers and implementers to get insight and make most of it. The study recommends empowerment of the institutions at grassroot level to make them stable to improve the service delivery cater the needs of public at large.